Medications for Older Adults: Things to Remember

Medications for Older Adults: Things to Remember

  1. Avoid drug overdose

All tablets have a lot in common. But often there are medications for the elderly, which are produced in different dosages, which the patient should always know, and the physician must indicate the exact dosage. Before taking any medications, be sure to read the instructions, because they are specially created so that we read them. Medications for older people are recommended to use in smaller doses – in half or a quarter of the tablet and at short intervals. There may be such a situation with medicines for the elderly when even a small amount of any medicine can cause adverse reactions. Most importantly, never choose a medicine based on the opinions of friends or neighbors, and this also applies to those medicines that are heavily advertised in the media.

2. Take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with caution

Indomethacin, a quite popular medicine, is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, but not everyone knows that this ointment has a strong effect on the brain, can cause insomnia, dizziness, and confusion. Also, very few people have information that this drug is not suitable for prolonged use, and also requires regular monitoring of tests. 3. Try to avoid medications that reduce blood clotting unless they’re prescribed by your physician

Elderly people may often be prescribed medicines from the group of aspirins. However, not everyone knows that these drugs should not be purchased if you’ve problems with your gastrointestinal tract. The medications may develop a symptom such as dizziness, in particular, after getting up.

4. Carefully select antidepressants

Antidepressants such as doxepin and amitriptyline are not exactly suitable drugs for the elderly. The anticholinergic effects of these drugs can harm your body in old age.

5. Carefully read the side effects of drugs that lower blood pressure.

There are many side effects of drugs like methyldopa or rezeprin. These drugs can cause depression, a significant reduction in blood pressure, suppression of consciousness, and sometimes even impotence. The most harmless drugs for the elderly in this group are Monopril or Enapril.

6. Strictly control the intake of iron supplements

Side effects of iron sulfate include stool retention, especially if you take a daily dose of more than 325 mg.

7. Remember that sedatives, tranquilizers and hypnotics have a lasting effect

Medications such as Elenium, Diazepam and Nitrazepam have been active for quite a long time. They may be prescribed for insomnia or increased anxiety. But you need to know that these drugs can be the cause of increased drowsiness, resulting in the danger of falls and fractures. If you’re a senior citizen above the age of 65 and living in the US, we recommend you take a look at Medicare supplement plans for 2020 here https://www.medicaresupplementplans2020.com/ They are ideal if you want to cover the remaining costs of your Medicare coverage.

Major Respiratory Disorders in Older Adults

Major Respiratory Disorders in Older Adults

Bronchitis

This disease, characterized by inflammation of the bronchial mucous tissue, can occur in acute and chronic forms. Acute bronchitis in older people often occurs on the background of acute respiratory viral infection. Associated risk factors are protracted nasopharyngeal diseases: sinusitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis, and others. If an elderly person suffers from coughing for a long time, then suggest chronic bronchitis. It can develop for the following reasons: undertreated acute bronchitis, various bacterial infections, tobacco smoking and other factors that irritate the bronchial mucosa.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is very dangerous for the elderly, it can even be deadly.

Very often in older people, the onset of the disease is mild. You should immediately contact your doctor if you experience the following symptoms: impaired breathing, shortness of breath, weakness, loss of appetite, increased sweating, ineffective cough, mucus with blood and purulent secretions. At the first signs of illness, you should immediately call a doctor and act strictly according to their recommendations. It is quite difficult to overcome pneumonia at home, so never refuse hospitalization.

Bronchial asthma

With this disease, the following happens: the bronchial tubes get blocked with mucus which makes it narrower. During each attack, shortness of breath and feeling of suffocation appear. An elderly person may also experience suspicious whistles and heavy breathing. The face becomes blue, blood vessels swell around the neck. The patient feels anxiety, fear. The disease may be of viral, fungal, or bacterial origin. Its development is triggered by factors such as allergens, chemical vapors, cigarette smoke, and nerve shocks. Sometimes there may be a runny nose, a sore throat, nettle rash, and itchy skin before an attack.

COPD

COPD is a serious abnormality in which there is a violation of the elasticity of the alveoli in the lungs and bronchi. This disease can cause persistent bronchitis, long-term smoking, as well as exposure to harmful factors in the workplace. It reduces the amount of airflow that passes through the lungs. A person’s breathing becomes difficult, he/she feels oxygen deficiency, which affects the entire body. COPD is characterized by a constant cough with mucus, shortness of breath, and general malaise of the elderly. Visit this site for a 2020 medicare supplement quote https://www.medisupps.com/medicare-supplement-plans-2020/

Pleurisy

This is an inflammatory disease of the thin shell that covers the lungs and walls of the chest cavity. Even with small suspicions of pleurisy, it is crucial to call a doctor, because this disease can cause the development of respiratory failure. Most times, hospitalization may become necessary. For senior citizens in the United States, you can consider Medicare supplement plans that could help you pay for co-pay, deductible and co-insurance.

Pedometer for Senior Citizens: How to Pick the Right One?

Pedometer for Senior Citizens: How to Pick the Right One?

Types of Pedometer for Senior Citizens:

Mechanical pedometer

This is the cheapest option, but, unfortunately, it has low accuracy. The main element of the design of the device is a pendulum, oscillating in time to the movement and activating the counting mechanism. Recently, such a device is very rare in the market.

Electromechanical pedometer

Combines the reasonable price and sufficient accuracy of indications. A special sensor, which reacts to vibration, transmits information to an electronic unit, which, having processed the data, presents them on the screen in a clear digital form. However, the electromechanical device has certain disadvantages, the main of which is the need for its contact with the human body. When you carry the device in your pocket, the accuracy of its readings may be reduced.

Electronic pedometer

It is the most accurate device for counting the number of steps. Its functioning is based on special mathematical formulas. Such devices give accurate results even when worn in a pocket. If the accuracy of readings is important for you, then choose electronic models.

How to use the pedometer for older people?

Pedometer for the elderly is easy to use and does not require special knowledge and skills. Read the instructions, fasten the device in the place specified in the manual, for example, on a belt, and start your day. The device will do everything on its own. Today, pedometers are a widely used device among all age groups. In addition, they also exist as a mobile phone application.

How to choose a pedometer for the elderly? Test the device before you buy it. Visit the following site https://www.bestmedicaresupplementplans2019.com/aarp-medicare-supplement-2019/ for a AARP medicare supplement rate quote

In order to check the pedometer, install it in accordance with the instructions, reset all previous readings and go 20-30 steps, counting them out loud. Next, compare your calculation and instrument readings. They must match. Periodically, you can arrange a similar test to your pedometer to control its accuracy. Before buying, be sure to inspect the device:

The appearance of the instrument must be in perfect condition, free of scratches and other mechanical defects. All device buttons should work. Check the display. The image on it should not be dull, or rainbow. Check the fasteners. There should be no gap in the bracelet. Also, it should not make crispy and creaking sounds when pressed on its surface. Medigap plans for senior adults: Senior citizens living in the US can check out Medicare supplement plans for covering the remaining costs of their Medicare-approved services like co-pay, deductible, etc.

Reasons for Overactive Bladder in Older Adults

Reasons for Overactive Bladder in Older Adults

With age, the risk of overactive bladder syndrome increases. This is facilitated by natural aging and associated diseases. According to experts, at least 17% of people aged 40 years and older are familiar with this urination disorder. After the age of 65, almost every third person has overactive bladder symptoms, and after 70 years, the figure rises to over 40%.

What Happens to your bladder as you age?

Medical stats suggest that the risk of overactive bladder symptoms increases with age. In men, this can be, to some extent, due to prostatic hyperplasia (an enlarged prostate which is a part of the natural aging process). But in both men and women, changes in the bladder occur with age. Physiological aging is accompanied by the deterioration in the recovery and elasticity of tissues, change in the tone of smooth muscles, thinning of urothelia, atrophy, degeneration of nerve endings, and deterioration of the blood supply. This increases the risk of an overactive bladder.

However, with age, most people accumulate diseases, some of which also play a role in the development of hyperactive bladder. These are diseases that affect the work of the nervous system and blood vessels – cerebrovascular disease, diabetes, atherosclerosis of large vessels, and others. Diseases like strokes, heart attacks, dementia, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and Alzheimer’s may lead to a hyperactive bladder in seniors. Another common “age-related” disease is diabetes. In older women, menopause may be a major factor behind the development of hyperactive bladder.

It is no secret that elderly patients are often forced to constantly take certain drugs. In turn, certain groups of drugs can affect the functioning of the bladder. These drugs include drugs for hypertension, diuretics, drugs for disorders of the respiratory function, sedatives, and hypnotics, drugs for the treatment of urinary incontinence, narcotic drugs, etc.

Medicare & overactive bladder:

Original Medicare only covers certain prescription medications and normally don’t pay for the prescription drugs that can be taken at home including those used for the treatment of an overactive bladder. Medicare along with Medicare advantage plans might also assist you in treating underlying health disorders which may lead to a hyperactive bladder. Find a plan here https://www.medicareadvantageplans2019.org

Popular Myths About Senior Dating Sites

Popular Myths About Senior Dating Sites

1. Computer Knowledge is Essential

In order to use a dating website, you need to learn a few general tasks such as uploading your photo, operating a mouse, refreshing your browser. The good news is, you can master these things inside minutes.

2. It is unsafe to Date Online

Common sense and caution are always vital when you are meeting a new person no matter if it’s online or offline. Nevertheless, online dating websites can be much safer as opposed to meeting somebody at a park. Most websites offer identification verification option. This allows you to know the individual in total anonymity.

3. Online dating is complicated

Another big myth about online dating is that the process is quite complicated. But, it is not that hard if you give it a try. First, you communicate via written messages, then via phone calls & finally in person. Eventually, all you’re doing is sitting beside a new individual, listening & talking.

4. The World of Online Dating is Filled with Scammers

Scam artists aren’t restricted only to online dating sites. This is a major issue across virtually all the sites on the web that introduces individuals with each other and/or deal with money. When you are dating on the web, the scam always functions in the same manner. First of all, you meet your match, have a few seemingly expressive back & forth conversation either on the internet or thru a phone call & the individual asks for cash. Con artists are clever & most times, they’ll be very good at their works. They might request for a credit to purchase an airplane ticket so that they can come & meet you. They might have a dog that requires an emergency operation after suffering a major car accident. It’s typically a “credit” & it often looks reasonable.

5. Online dating sites are solely made for youngsters

This is far from reality. The fact is, you can find a number of dating sites on the web designed particularly for senior citizens. About Supplemental Coverage for Senior Citizens: https://www.medicareadvantage2019.org/ Supplements popularly recognized as Medicare supplement plans cover out of pocket expenses that are excluded from Medicare Part A and B run by the Federal government.

Pilates for Seniors: Does it Help?

Pilates for Seniors: Does it Help?

Any training program for the elderly must necessarily take into account age-related changes which occur in the body after the age of 50. After the age of 30, we begin to lose muscle mass and quickly accumulate subcutaneous and visceral which increases the risk of obesity. The elderly are often concerned about stiffness in the joints and the fragility of the bones, which makes many sports dangerous. Besides, with age, the sense of balance worsens.

For more than a hundred years, the technique donated to the world by Joseph Pilates helps people of different ages achieve harmony with their own body, regain their desired physical form, lose weight, recover from injuries and forget about many ailments. Pilates can make sure seniors appear youthful and slim even in their old age.

Pilates can be practiced both on an ordinary gymnastic mat and on special equipment. Pilates is a special kind of training which is hard to master just by watching videos from the Internet. Only personal contact with a qualified instructor will allow you to get closer to your cherished goal and experience its true benefits. Classes on the reformer and other large equipment help to get a primary idea of ​​how to work with your body and space. During the workout, the instructor will monitor the correctness of movements, gently guide and prompt you.

The exercises are easy to modify in accordance with age and level of training. One of the main advantages of Pilates is its smoothness. Each training session consists of consecutive exercises, which are transferred from one to another, which should be performed slowly, without sudden movements and jerks. It is almost impossible to suffer an injury under the strict supervision of an instructor. In the classroom, special equipment is used to gradually and safely form and strengthen the muscular corset, increase joint mobility and flexibility. Pilates help work out all the muscle groups of your body without exception.

Thanks to the various exercise machines, an excessive load can be removed from your spine. The goal of Pilates is to restore the musculoskeletal system and increase the coordination between your brain and body. After a few training sessions, you will notice that the movements have become more coordinated which ultimately help enhance your overall posture. Thus, you will save yourself from sports and domestic injuries and will be able to work out all the muscle groups without exception. Does Medicare supplement plans cover classes for Pilates? No. Since Traditional Medicare plans won’t cover these type of training programs, a advantage plan found here http://www.medicareadvantageplans2020.orgcoverage like Medigap also won’t be able to cover these costs on your behalf.

Old-People Smell: Causes and Ways to Deal With It

Old-People Smell: Causes and Ways to Deal With It

Many older people smell because they do not like to take a shower. And all this, as a rule, because of their fear of slipping. Although there may be a number of other reasons: Why not consider medicare supplement plans found here https://www.bestmedicaresupplementplans2019.com/

Psychological, due to loneliness, lack of motivation and laziness.

Over the years, the skin becomes thinner and more sensitive, it loses the protective film, so washing is accompanied by such unpleasant sensations as dryness, tightness, and itching of the skin. In older people, usually in men, ichthyosis, i.e., increased peeling of the dermis occurs. This is most often observed after taking a bath and is accompanied by itching, usually in the genital area, perineum, and anus.

But still, to smell good, you need to try to observe good hygiene, even in old age. Moreover, in old age, it is necessary to take a shower even more often than in youth. If older people smell bad, but for some reason do not like to bathe, they can try the following recommendations: Instead of regular soap, use a more gentle gel with a neutral pH. This will help keep the protective film on the skin. After the shower, the body needs to be moistened with a cream. Water should not be too cold or hot. Make it as comfortable as possible – so you will not irritate the skin, and the procedure will become more pleasant.

The bathroom must have handrails and a rubber mat. This will protect the elderly person from slipping and injury. If it is impossible to bathe in this way, then the help of younger relatives may be required. If older people smell and there is no opportunity to take a bath or shower, the skin should be wiped with special wet wipes. They can be further impregnated with extracts and infusions of herbs that have anti-inflammatory properties, as well as emollients.

For dry skin, an older person should be given an additional dose of vitamin B. They can be obtained from meat and cereals. Vitamins A, D, E are prescribed exclusively by the doctor. To maintain a pleasant aroma, it is important to maintain personal hygiene, starting with the mouth. You need to brush your teeth regularly and use dental floss.

Often, old people smell unpleasant because they have chronic gastrointestinal diseases or diabetes. Also, sometimes older people smell bad because of physiological disorders. In addition, over the years, the sense of smell gets deteriorated and they just do not notice that they emanate an unpleasant odor. In severe cases, when the elderly smell bad, and surgical treatment is impossible, diapers and special pads that neutralize unpleasant odors may be considered.

Neurosis in the Elderly

Neurosis in the Elderly

Neurosis is basically a segment of functional mental illnesses which involve prolonged distress but none of these include hallucinations or delusions.Unfortunately, this condition occurs most often in the elderly. Get a quote here https://www.medicaresupplementplans2019.com/aarp-medicare-supplement-plans-2019/ for a 2019 medicare supplement quote from AARP

Symptoms:

Usually, neurosis in old age is manifested by increased irritability. Any nonstandard situation can lead to emotional shock, anger, aggression, or vice versa.

The main symptoms of neurosis:

Mood swings for no apparent reason.

Increased agitation of the central nervous system.

 Aggression.

Bad mood.

A feeling of constant anxiety

Low self-esteem

Etc.

A person suffering from neurosis becomes very sensitive to temperature fluctuations. His/her sleep may be disturbed with poor appetite. Other symptoms include short-term loss of memory

Also, as a result of constant strong emotional stress in a person, his/her vision may decrease or his hearing may deteriorate.

Neurosis treatment

Initially, the doctor must find out the cause of the occurrence of such a condition. For example, if the reason was a lack of attention from children, then the doctor needs to talk about it directly with the children of the patient, delicately indicate that he/she needs care, attention and understanding. If any social factors are the cause, then it is worthwhile to protect a person from them as much as possible, for example, change their place of residence or send the person to a boarding house or sanatorium for a while.

The patient might undergo a course of psychotherapy, where a psychologist will help the patient to correctly set his priorities in life, understand what they want and help them increase their self-esteem. In addition to visiting psychologists, drug therapy is prescribed to sick people, which consists of drugs such as:

Thymoleptics

Tranquilizers

Neuroleptics

Thimoleptics are agents that have a sedative effect, that is, they calm the central nervous system.

“Heavy” antidepressants may be used to treat prolonged depression:

Imipramine

Maprotiline

Paroxetine

The following drugs can be used to eliminate light neurosis:

Doxepin.

Mianserin

Tianeptine

Novo Passit

Tranquilizers may be used to relieve the state of panic.

Conclusion:

Treatment of neurosis should be comprehensive. Many psychologists insist that retired people should consider engaging in their favorite hobby. It is also important to ensure a normal relationship with family members. To improve the circulation of blood throughout the entire body, people of old age are recommended to walk more in the fresh air, eat a balanced diet and lead a healthy lifestyle.

Medicare and Neurosis Treatment:

Medicare offers coverage for treatments that are considered medically necessary by your physician. The same rule is applicable to Medicare supplement plans that essentially cover the gaps within Basic Medicare also known as out of pocket costs.

Incontinence in Elderly Men: Types and Diagnosis

Incontinence in Elderly Men: Types and Diagnosis

Uncontrolled urine excretion in older men is usually associated with the aging process. Approximately 7% of the male population are familiar with incontinence. Over the years, the chances of getting sick are greatly increased. If you find the following ailments, you should not postpone the trip to the doctor:

weakness, numbness of the legs;

urine is red;

fever;

lower body pain;

a burning sensation in the process of urination;

Types of urinary incontinence in men:

Urinary incontinence in elderly men is of four types:

Urgent

In this case, the person feels the need to empty the bladder but does not have the ability to control urination and hold urine before visiting the restroom. Usually, this type accompanies diabetes, Parkinson’s disease. In some cases, such incontinence in older men may develop after a stroke.

Stressful

Urine leakage occurs due to intense loads while laughing or during coughing. In this case, the pressure on the bladder increases, and it is emptied.

Mixed

Combines the signs of the above types. It occurs when the detrusor stops contracting, and the walls of the bladder lose their elasticity.

Transient

This type of urinary incontinence in elderly people results from the impact of an external factor, for example, in acute cystitis, poisoning by toxins, medications and potent drugs that affect the functioning of the kidneys and urinary tract, and disorders of the GIT.

It’s vital for you to know the difference between primary & secondary incontinence. Primary occurs due to various deviations in the structure of the annular muscles that regulate the process of excretion of urine. The secondary is a consequence of the weakening of their work. It is not associated with a violation of the structure of the annular muscles.

The first cases of urinary incontinence should be a serious signal encouraging a man to consult a urologist for advice. Diagnosis of incontinence in the elderly To select the most effective method of treating urinary incontinence in older men, a full examination is required. For these purposes, the diagnosis of the urinary system is carried out by:

Examining the cough samples when the bladder is full. Conducting various surveys using radiation, endoscopic, urodynamic, functional diagnostics. Uroflowmetry, cystometry and other types of diagnostics aimed at studying the degree of pressure on the organs of the urogenital system. This option is best to help analyze the degree of functioning of the urinary tract.

Diagnosis is carried out in order to confirm the disorder, understand its symptoms, determine the type of disease, as well as the causes of its occurrence. Senior Medigap Plans can be found at https://www.medisupps.com/medicare-supplement-plans-2019/ Medicare supplement plans cover out-of-the-pocket expenses which are excluded fro traditional Medicare. Seniors who’re already enrolled in Medicare can consider Medigap plans for additional healthcare coverage. 

Importance of Eye Drops for Older Adults

Importance of Eye Drops for Older Adults

After retirement, a person has a lot of free time, and everyone wants to live the rest of his life interestingly and without difficulties. But, unfortunately, elderly people often start having health problems, including the ones associated with the vision.

Eye drops and their importance for seniors:

The younger generation uses eye drops only when there is a sensation of burning and redness of the eyes which typically occurs after working long hours in front of a computer. But over time, it is necessary to apply the drops on an ongoing basis, as your loses its ability to produce vitamin E, which provides blood flow to the peripheral blood vessels and helps maintain a healthy vision. In Japan, vitamin preventive eye drops are produced, that help older adults avoid eye inflammation and vision loss.

Eye drops for the elderly may be helpful for the following indications:

veil in the eyes;

photophobia;

poor visibility in the dark;

unilateral poor vision;

unilateral or bilateral loss of vision;

distortion of the shapes and colors of objects;

difficulty in focusing the image in the center;

pain in lateral vision;

impaired or lost peripheral vision;

vagueness around a bright image;

redness of the eye proteins or eyelids;

unnatural discharge from the eyes;

modified pupil size;

constant swelling and drooping of the eyelid.

You can alleviate any of the above symptoms or prevent its occurrence with the timely use of prophylactic eye drops for the elderly. The timely use of eye drops for the elderly helps to slow the aging process of your vision. It should be remembered that only an ophthalmologist can select vitamin eye drops for the elderly. Do not listen to the advice of friends or pharmacists, as only the doctor can correctly diagnose and prescribe therapy. Also, do not self-medicate, as this may lead to deterioration of vision or cause side effects.

Things to Remember:

Undergo a consultation examination by an ophthalmologist at least once a year, since certain eye diseases, such as glaucoma, may develop asymptomatically at the initial stage and are diagnosed only on examination. Any habits and sensations associated with the eyes should be taken into account. For example, the feeling of haze before the eyes, rainbow circles when looking at the light, blurred vision with the onset of darkness, dryness and cramps in the eyes, bright points or sparks before the eyes, pain around the eyes, the appearance or deterioration of myopia.

If an elderly person has found one or more of the above symptoms, they urgently need to consult an ophthalmologist, as it might indicate a serious eye disorder. Do not ignore them or hope that they will pass on their own as it may lead to partial or complete loss of vision. Diabetes, atherosclerosis, hypertension, smoking – these factors increase the risk of developing cataracts, glaucoma, rupture, and retinal detachment. It is necessary to get rid of bad habits if any. It is also necessary to strictly follow your doctor’s recommendations regarding the treatment of such ailments and get examined by an ophthalmologist every six months.

It should be remembered that overweight in old age also contributes to the development of diseases associated with the vision. Therefore, you need to follow the right diet, eliminate fatty and spicy dishes, eat more fruits and vegetables, vegetable oils, low-fat dairy products and, of course, vitamin and mineral complexes. The use of sunglasses is also necessary since in older people the eyes become more sensitive to ultraviolet radiation. With proper selection of sunglasses, you can avoid the appearance of cataracts and retinal dystrophy. Are Vision Disorders Covered under Medicare Supplement Plans? Find out more at https://www.medisupps.com/cigna-medicare-supplemental-insurance-2018/ No, supplemental plans mainly cover out-of-pocket expenses for instance, deductible, co-pay and co-insurance.