Reasons for Overactive Bladder in Older Adults

Reasons for Overactive Bladder in Older Adults

With age, the risk of overactive bladder syndrome increases. This is facilitated by natural aging and associated diseases. According to experts, at least 17% of people aged 40 years and older are familiar with this urination disorder. After the age of 65, almost every third person has overactive bladder symptoms, and after 70 years, the figure rises to over 40%.

What Happens to your bladder as you age?

Medical stats suggest that the risk of overactive bladder symptoms increases with age. In men, this can be, to some extent, due to prostatic hyperplasia (an enlarged prostate which is a part of the natural aging process). But in both men and women, changes in the bladder occur with age. Physiological aging is accompanied by the deterioration in the recovery and elasticity of tissues, change in the tone of smooth muscles, thinning of urothelia, atrophy, degeneration of nerve endings, and deterioration of the blood supply. This increases the risk of an overactive bladder.

However, with age, most people accumulate diseases, some of which also play a role in the development of hyperactive bladder. These are diseases that affect the work of the nervous system and blood vessels – cerebrovascular disease, diabetes, atherosclerosis of large vessels, and others. Diseases like strokes, heart attacks, dementia, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and Alzheimer’s may lead to a hyperactive bladder in seniors. Another common “age-related” disease is diabetes. In older women, menopause may be a major factor behind the development of hyperactive bladder.

It is no secret that elderly patients are often forced to constantly take certain drugs. In turn, certain groups of drugs can affect the functioning of the bladder. These drugs include drugs for hypertension, diuretics, drugs for disorders of the respiratory function, sedatives, and hypnotics, drugs for the treatment of urinary incontinence, narcotic drugs, etc.

Medicare & overactive bladder:

Original Medicare only covers certain prescription medications and normally don’t pay for the prescription drugs that can be taken at home including those used for the treatment of an overactive bladder. Medicare along with Medicare advantage plans might also assist you in treating underlying health disorders which may lead to a hyperactive bladder. Find a plan here